The foundation of Pisa is located between the seventh and sixth centuries BC, and we do not know if its first inhabitants were Greek or Etruscan.
From the beginning the city was the port of Tuscany, and remained so until the sixteenth century, when it was replaced from Livorno;
few kilometers away from the sea but connected to the coast by the Arno, was accessible and well protected at the same time, landing so perfect for every commercial and military needs.
The Etruscans, whose presence is attested in the territory since the fifth century BC the Romans took over in 180, Pisa and transformed into a major naval bases in the Mediterranean after the fall of the Western Empire, the city poses as a bulwarks against the threat of early Arab.
The contribution of its fleet was instrumental in the battles of Reggio Calabria, Bona, Al-Mahdia which ended with the defeat of the Saracens.